Indian Geography Made Easy Hand Written Notes for Competitive Exams pdf | Defination & Type | Father of Geography

Indian Geography Made Easy Hand Written Notes for Competitive Exams pdf | Defination & Type | Father of Geography 

Indian Geography is important chapter for all competitive exam whether Technical like PSUs, State Engineering Exam and DMRC or Non Technical exam like UPSC, SSC, BANK and Railway etc. you can directly Download the Made Easy General Studies Class room Hand Written Notes in pdf as Made Easy is best coaching institute for competitive exam so its Study Material is also best.




Geography Defination

The definition of geography is the study of the Earth. in other word we can define as the study of the physical features of the earth and its atmosphere, and of human activity as it affects and is affected by these, including the distribution of populations and resources and political and economic activities. .

Geography is often defined in terms of the two branches of human geography and physical geography.

An example of geography is the climate and natural resources of the land.


Synonyms of Geography


In Hindi it is known as BHUGOL. it has many synonym in english like geomorphology, landscape, terrain, topography. Words Related to geography. scenery. ground, land, landform, terrane, terrene.

Type of Geography

there are two type of geography i.e. Human geo and Physical geo. 

Human Geography- 
Some examples of human geography include urban geography, economic geography, cultural geography, political geography, social geography, and population geography.


Areas of human geography include:  it looks at the impact and behaviour of people and how they relate to the physical world. 
  • Cultural geography: how things like religion, language and government vary across the world
  • Development geography: standards of living and quality of life across the world
  • Historical geography: how people have studied and thought about geography in the past
  • Population geography: how populations grow in different places and people migrate
  • Urban geography: cities and built-up areas

Physical Geography - 
it looks at the natural processes of the Earth, such as climate and plate tectonics.




Areas of physical geography include:
  • Geomorphologythe shape of the Earth’s surface and how it came about
  • Hydrology: the Earth’s water
  • Glaciology: glaciers and ice sheets
  • Biogeography: species, how they are distributed and why
  • Climatologythe climate
  • Pedologysoils
  • Palaeogeography: how the continents have moved over time
  • Coastal geographyhow the ocean and land affect each other
  • Oceanographythe oceans and seas
  • Quaternary science: the geography of the last 2.6 million years, including the last ice age
  • Landscape ecology: how the landscape affects things like the distribution of plants and animals
  • Geomatics: gathering, storing and processing geographic information – for example, making maps


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 Father of Indian Geography

James Rennell known as the Father of Indian Geography, laboured in Bengal and elsewhere for a period of 13 years, during which he surveyed an area of about 300,000 square miles (780,000 km2), stretching from the eastern boundaries of Lower Bengal to Agra, and from the Himalayas to the borders of Bundelkhand and Chota Nagpur. 


Father of Geography 

The ancient Greek scholar Eratosthenes is commonly called the "father of geography".  he was the first to use the word geography.


Alexander von Humboldt (1769–1859) – Considered Father of modern geography, published Cosmos and founder of the sub-field biogeography. 
Carl Ritter (1779–1859) – Considered Father of modern geography. Occupied the first chair of geography at Berlin University.

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